American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) published a white
paper, "Distance Technology in Nursing Education," in
an effort to examine how distance technology was reshaping nursing
higher education and what nursing schools need to know in designing
and implementing distance-technology-based instruction. In its conclusion,
the AACN emphasized the need to "increase nurses' access to
education through technology" as well as increase "the
use of technology to promote quality nursing education through collaboration
among institutions..." (AACN, 1999).
and Burnham (1991) remind us that good distance teaching practices
are fundamentally identical to good traditional teaching practices
and "those factors which influence good instruction may be
generally universal across different environments and populations."
and Kearsley (1996) tell us that to be effective in the online environment
the instructor must take full advantage of the interactive nature
of the technology, "resist the urge to lecture," and continuously
guide the students into action.
all this in mind, we must choose learning strategies that enhance our
teaching and adhere to sound educational principles such as those proposed
by Chickering and Gamson (1993). Specifically, our strategies should meet
the seven principles of good practice in undergraduate education:
contact between students and faculty
reciprocity and cooperation among students,
time on task,
high expectations, and
diverse talents and ways of learning.