completion of the study of this module, the student is expected to be able to:
assessment: General Survey, Assessment interview, Skin,
Hair, Nails, Vision and Hearing, Head and Neck
to coming to the learning lab for practice you should be able to:
- Identify the
purpose of three types of assessment.
components of the health history.
the 4 techniques of and equipment for physical examination.
the planes of the body as a means to describe findings of the physical examination
the elements of the general survey.
the characteristics to be assessed during inspection
and palpation of the skin.
the components of nail assessment
the components of hair assessment
the characteristics of common skin
papules, nodules, vesicles, bulla, scales, plaque, patches (vitiligo), petechiae,
annular, local vs. generalized
cyanosis (central, peripheral, circumoral), jaundice, pink tone, pallor, erythema
the examination procedures for the head and neck.
the function of each cranial nerve. Which ones are used for swallowing?
examination of the eye
- size, symmetry,
position and movement of head
sensation and movement of the face: the facial nerve--CN VII and the trigeminal
- structures of the external eye to be examined and describe common abnormalities.
Describe the examination of the ear
define visual acuity.
between general screening and the use of the Jaguar chart and Snellen chart.
the results from a Snellen chart screening, eg. 20/40.
visual fields and discuss the examination.
describe pupillary assessment and define terms: PERRLA,
demonstrate the examination of extraocular movements.
identify the structures of the internal
eye and the instruments and the technique of examination.
Demonstrate techniques of examination of the structures in the neck. pp146-148
Discuss techniques used in the assessment of auditory acuity.
Discuss the instrument and techniques used in the examination of the internal
the structures of the normal tympanic membrane.
Demonstrate correct procedure in examination of the structures of the mouth and
nodes; what do enlarged lymph nodes mean? What are the parameters for normal findings?
vein distention: as a reflection of central venous pressure.
artery (bruits): as a reflection of atherosclerosis.