Name: (include in all outlines)


Specific Purpose:     After listening to my speech, my audience will know or understand (select know or understand, not both and insert your subject and predicate here).


Introduction (include in all outlines)

I.                    Attention-Getter:  Use one of the recommended techniques described in Introductions and Conclusions. 

II.                  Personal Credibility: State your connection and/or experience with this topic to establish your credibility.

III.                Thesis: State your thesis statement here (includes subject, predicate, and information hunger) in one single sentence.


Body (include in all outlines)

I.                    First main point:  Main points should coordinate with the thesis. Main points are never questions or quotations.

A.            Subpoint

B.           Subpoint


II.                  Second main point: Make your main points clear by using parallel language when possible

A.            Subpoint

B.           Subpoint


III.                Third main point: No less than two main points, but no more than five main points

A.            Subpoint

B.           Subpoint


Conclusion (include in all outlines)

I.       Summary:  Paraphrase the thesis here in one single sentence.

II.      Clincher:  Use one of the recommended techniques described in Introductions and Conclusions.  I always recommend the technique called “Reference to the Introduction” because it provides such strong closure.




1.         Identify at least two, but no more than five main points in a speech

2.         Use Roman Numerals for main points; Capital Letters for subpoints; Arabic Numbers for sub-subpoints; small letters for sub-sub-subpoints, and small roman numbers for sub-sub-sub-subpoints

3.         Show logical relationships of ideas through proper indentation

4.         Wrap-around sentences MUST indent to the point where the first word of the sentence starts

5.         Only one sentence per letter or number in ENTIRE outline, including Introduction and Conclusion, except when quoting.

6.         Rule of Division: Never have a 1 without a 2 or an A without a B.