Summary of Major Employment Laws
ACC is an equal employment opportunity employer. It is our objective to ensure that all policies, procedures, and processes are developed and administered so as to ensure that every current and prospective employee is treated fairly. Hiring supervisors and committee members should be aware of the basic federal equal employment opportunity laws listed below. If you want additional information, please contact the Office of the Associate Vice President, HR. The pertinent laws include:
- Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
- Age Discrimination Employment Act of 1967 (ADEA)
- Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA)
- Title IX of the Education Act of 1972
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended
The most comprehensive of all civil rights laws is the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended by the Equal Employment Opportunity Act of 1972. Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits discrimination based upon race, color, sex, religion, gender, or national origin by employers in the hiring, promotion, discharge, compensation and other terms or conditions of employment. The primary issue in an employment situation is whether an applicant or employee was treated differently with regard to a job opportunity because of his or her race, sex, religion, color or national origin. Title VII also prohibits harassment on the basis of a protected classification and retaliation against anyone who files a complaint or grievance.
Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 (ADEA)
The Age Discrimination Act of 1967, as amended, prohibits discrimination in employment matters based solely on age; it defines the protected age as being 40 years of age or older.
Americans With Disabilities Act
The ADA was passed in 1990 and is a far reaching statute. It intended to extend the provisions of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. The ADA prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability with regard to employment, educational programs and facilities, public accommodations, and public services. In the employment arena, ADA protects qualified individuals who have a disability. A qualified individual is a person who can perform the essential functions of a job with or without reasonable accommodation. Information regarding interviewing strategies for use with applicants who have a disability is found later in this training module.
Title IX of the Education Amendments to the Civil Rights Act of 1972
Title IX states: “No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, or denied the benefits of, or be subjected to, discrimination under any educational program or activity receiving federal assistance.” It has been used in conjunction with and is similar to Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
This document is meant to be a short summary of basic employment laws and does not reflect the entire scope of the laws.