Glass - NONE
Plastic - clot activators to enhance the clotting of blood, tube inversions are necessary to ensure mixing of clot activator with blood. Blood clotting time 30 minutes.
For serum determinations in chemistry, serology and Immunohematology (blood banking). Chemistry will be covered on another page.
IMMUNOHEMATOLOGY (BLOOD BANK)- Patient blood is tested to determine ABO/D type as well as to detect the presence of unexpected antibodies which may cause reactions with donor blood. Compatibility testing involves testing patient and donor blood to ensure that the blood is compatible. Components are prepared for transfusion.
NOTE:Some facilities use a special system for blood bank testing that requires an EDTA samples. Some facilities will use the purple stopper tube others will use the pink stopper tube so it can easily be identified as being for blood bank.
TESTS - BLOOD BANK
ABO/D type aka ABO/Rh Testing
Antibody Screen AKA Indirect Antiglobulin Test (IAT)
Type and Screen (T&S)
Crossmatch or Type and Cross (T&C)
Rh Immune Globulin AKA Rhogam
Blood Component Requests:
Packed Red Blood Cells (RBC)
FRESH FROZEN PLASMA (FFP)
SEROLOGY OR IMMUNOLOGY - originally, the study of the in vitro reactions of immune sera, e.g., precipitin, agglutination, and complement fixation reactions. Currently, the term is used to refer to the use of such reactions to measure serum antibody titers in infectious disease (serologic tests), to the clinical correlations of the antibody titer (the serology of a disease), and to the use of serologic reactions to detect antigens (e.g., "serologically defined" HLA antigens).
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- Infectious Mononucleosis such as Monotest or Monospot
- Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) AKA Rheumatoid Factor (RF)
- Syphilis testing such as Rapid Plasma Reagin (RPR), Venereal Disease Reserach Lab (VDRL) or Fluorescent Treponemal Antiody Test (FTABS)
- Rubella titer
- Strep testing such as Streptozyme or Anti-streptolysin O (ASO) Titer
- Pregnancy test
- Cold Agglutinins (CAG) - Keep sample warm after collection
- Haptoglobin (HP)
- C-Reactive Protein (CRP)