PLAB Phlebotomy Technician Program

Unit 9: Pediatric Procedures

Textbook: Read Chapter 11 and Chapter 13, pages 403-428

Unit 9 Objectives: Pediatric Procedures

  1. Describe the challenges of performing pediatric phlebotomy.
  2. Define the term “age specific care” and describe how this will assist the phlebotomist in drawing patients of different age groups.
  3. Describe the patient group and general guidelines for dealing with patients in the following categories: infancy, pediatric, adolescent, adult, and older adult.
  4. Describe the interpersonal skills required for drawing pediatric patients.
  5. Describe the methods for restraining a child during blood collection.
  6. State the best environment to perform a phlebotomy or other painful procedure on a hospitalized child.
  7. Describe the appropriate method for dealing with combative children.
  8. Describe the advantages and disadvantages of using EMLA.
  9. List the different sites which may be used for blood collections on infants and children.
  10. State when microcollection (capillary puncture) may be the procedure of choice on children.
  11. State the precautions which must be followed when performing a heel stick blood collection.
  12. State the purpose of performing the newborn screening test.
  13. Describe the proper method of collecting blood on filter paper for newborn screening.
  14. State the blood collection techniques for use on pediatric patients including: capillary puncture, drawing from IV lines, dorsal vein hand, heparin locks, scalp vein, central venous catheters.
  15. State why monitoring of blood volume removed is critical in the infant.

Last Update: August 7, 2014

Web Author: Terry Kotrla, MS, MT(ASCP)BB
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