RNSG 1105 Nursing Skills I

Module 5:  Body Mechanics, Transfer, Moving a Patient, Ambulation


Module Objectives:  

Utilizing critical thinking and the nursing process, the student is expected to:

Body Mechanics:

  1. Define body mechanics
  2. Discuss essential principles for safe and efficient body mechanics.
  3. Correctly demonstrate the ability to utilize proper body mechanics with all nursing activities.

Moving and Transferring a Patient:

  1. Describe basic guidelines for moving and transferring a patient.
  2. Describe essential steps of techniques for moving and transferring patients and identify rationale for selected steps.
  3. Correctly demonstrate the procedure for: (with a partner)
    • moving a patient up in bed
    • moving a patient from bed to chair and bed to stretcher
    • dangling
    • turning a patient in bed, logrolling
  4. Discuss guidelines of wheelchair safety


  1. Explain several undesired outcomes of allowing a patient to lay in one position for an extended period of time.
  2. Discuss measures to ensure the patient’s body is maintained in proper alignment for all positions.
  3. Demonstrate placing a patient in the following positions:
    • supine
    • prone
    • lateral, side-lying
    • fowlers / semi- fowlers / high-fowlers
    • sims


  1. Demonstrate proper techniques in assisting a patient to ambulate with or without assistive devices.
  2. Describe several aids that are used for ambulating and rationale for use.
  3. Demonstrate proper technique for protecting the safety of the patient during a fall.

Learning Activities:

1. Review module objectives.

2. Learning Resources:

  • Review: anatomy and physiology of the musculoskeletal system.
  • Read: Harkreader – Ch. 32, pp. 827-833; 842-844; 846-858.  Ch. 35, pp. 874 -885.  Bring book to lab
  • View:  Transfer techniques (in class)
    • Positioning Techniques
    • Lifting and Moving the Patient
  • Wear shorts or pants to lab and shoes that can be removed easily.
  • Bring syllabus and Harkreader to lab

3. Complete Critical Thinking Exercises:

4. Supplemental Learning:

  • Games


  • Web links

5. Review module objectives and check for knowledge gaps.

6. Complete module quiz

  • Body Mechanics