Utilizing critical thinking and the nursing process, the student is expected to:
- Discuss the relationship of an infection to asepsis?
- Discuss the four phases of an infection.
- clinical illness
- Compare the body’s primary and secondary defenses against Infection
- Discuss the chain of infection in relationship to infection control including:
- characteristics of the organism
- portal of entry
- portal of exit
- mode of transmission
- characteristics of the host
- Compare medical asepsis with surgical asepsis.
- Discuss the guidelines and principles of medical asepsis related to hand-washing.
- State indications for proper hand-washing.
- State effect of friction, running water, and cleansing agents on hand-washing.
- Perform appropriate hand-washing to maintain medical asepsis.
- Describe methods of modifying hand-washing when providing care outside the hospital setting.
- Compare how environmental control measures, disposal of sharps and bodily wastes, and air quality minimize the spread of infection.
- Discuss the concept of standard precautions including the CDC set of Actions.
- State when standard precautions should be used.
- Discuss the components of standard precautions.
- Discuss the types of barrier precautions (masks, eye protection, gloves, non-permeable gowns).
- Demonstrate donning of clean gloves and removal of contaminated gloves. Give rationale for procedure.
- Demonstrate donning and removing protective apparel.
- Compare the three transmission-based categories of isolation precautions including:
- Airborne precautions
- Droplet precautions
- Contact precautions
- Discuss protective isolation and when it is used.