Comparison between a 403(b) Plan and a 457 Plan

Comparison between a 403(b) Plan and a 457 Plan


403(b) Plan

457 Plan

EligibilityAll ACC EmployeesAll ACC Employees
Employee Contribution Pre-tax dollarsPre-tax dollars
Employer Contribution NoneNone
General Contribution Limits* $18,500 IRS maximum (2018)$18,500 IRS maximum (2018)
Age 50 and Over Catch-Up Provision$6,000$6,000
15-year Catch-Up Provision $3,000N/A
3-years Prior to Retirement Age 65 Catch-UpN/AUp to $17,000 (may not be used simultaneously with age 50 catch-up)
Loans AllowedYes, except as noted in 403(b) Plan documentNo
Financial Hardship / Emergency Withdrawals Medical expenses, primary residence, tuition-related educational fees, prevention of a foreclosure or eviction, funeral expenses or casualty loss.Medical expenses, casualty loss, emergency automobile repair or replacement, wage replacement, funeral expenses, child support, back taxes, attorney fees, or sudden and unforeseeable emergency.
Distributions Available at:Severance from employment, financial hardship, death, or age 59 1/2.Retirement, or severance from employment, death, at age 70 1/2 if still employed, or unforeseeable financial emergency.
Employee WithdrawalsTaxable when withdrawnTaxable when withdrawn
Tax Penalties10% penalty tax applies to distributions made prior to age 59 1/2.No penalty tax on a distribution at any age after severance from employment.
Distributions Must BeginNo later than April 1 following the year in which participant turns 70 1/2, unless the participant is still employed.
RolloversYes, into another eligible retirement plan (including an IRA) when eligible for an eligible rollover distribution.
*Contribution limits shown are IRS maximums for 2018. The 2017 general contribution limit was $18,000.00.

The 403(b) Plan information does not apply to the Texas Optional Retirement Program (ORP).

To present information in this overview format we had to leave out some points, and even those points that are explained can't be complete. We suggest you use this overview only as a starting point to begin thinking about what provisions might matter to you. We urge you to read carefully all of the information available for each plan or contract. This overview is not tax or legal advice. If you need legal advice, you should consult your lawyer. For additional details, please contact the ACC Benefits Office at