HISTORY 1302 (Distance learning)


Because the history of the United States was shaped and influenced to a large degree by the geography of the continent, it is imperative that students know the basic details of United States geography. Therefore the student will be required to take a geography map test. A couple of websites that might help you with the map quiz are: Drag and Drop the States and The USA Quiz

The multiple-choice map test will be taken in the Testing Center on an answer sheet provided by the Testing Center.

The map test will be the first test taken in this course and must be completed by the deadline date listed in the syllabus.

Any good atlas will help you locate all of the features that you need to identify. Your text has a map that shows most of the features listed below. A practice map which may be copied for study is found below.

The test will specify thirty (30) of the following and ask the student to locate them on a map:
All 50 states by name Great Basin
Canada Great Plains
Mexico Chesapeake Bay
Atlantic Ocean Florida Keys
Pacific Ocean Long Island
Gulf of Mexico Cape Cod
Hudson River 49 s North Latitude
Ohio River Washington D.C.
Mississippi River New York City
Missouri River Philadelphia
Red River Boston
Columbia River Charleston, S.C.
Colorado River Chicago
Rio Grande River Austin, Texas
All 5 Great Lakes by name Richmond
Sierra Nevada Mountains Denver
Rocky Mountains


Chapters 17- 20


Chapter 17


1. Identify the physical features of the Great Plains that impeded western settlement.


2. Describe the lifestyle of the Great Plains ' Indians.


3. Describe the development and results of the Reservation Policies.


4. Name the major U.S. government Indian policies from 1830 to 1890. How did thee policies try to assimilate Native Americans into mainstream American society? What were the results?


5. Describe the “Sioux Wars.” What ended the fighting?


6. Identify the most significant blow to Indian tribal life.

7. Describe the U.S. government's land distribution policy from1862-1890.

8. Identify the largest landowning group in the west.

9. Discuss the Spanish influences in southwestern life and institutions.

10. List the major mining strikes in the American West from 1848 to 1876.

11. Describe the typical mining camp of the 19th century.

12. Describe the development of the cattle industry.

13. Identify the major aspects of cowboy society.

14. Describe the problems facing western farmers.

15. Name the problems causing western farmer discontent.


Chapter 18

1. Explain the factors that aided the  rapid industrial growth in the 19th century U.S.

2. List the elements in the transportation and communications revolutions.

3. Explain the advantages of the railroads in promoting economic growth.


4. Describe the government’s role in developing railroads.

5. Describe how post-Civil War railroads were constructed and their political and economic impact on society.

6. Name the major Northeast trunk lines.

7. Explain how the transcontinental railroad was constructed and financed.

8. Describe the economic difficulties associated with rapid  railroad growth in the U.S.

9. Explain why the steel industry grew in the 1870's and 1880's.

10. Evaluate why Andrew Carnegie triumphed in the steel industry to 1901.

11. Describe why John D. Rockefeller triumphed in the oil industry.

12. List the two MOST important innovations of the late 19th century.

13. Describe the changes that took place in the selling or merchandizing of products in the late 19th century.

14. Discuss the working conditions of the late 19th century wage earner.

15. Describe the workplace conditions for 19th century men and women.

16. List the major components of the 19th century labor movement.


17. Compare and contrast the growth and goals of the Knights of Labor with the American Federation of Labor.


18. Describe the most important labor strikes of the period. What were their causes and results?


Chapter 19

1. Identify the developments in city architecture and housing patterns in the late 19th century.

2. Describe the problems of overcrowding caused by the rapid population growth of American cities.


3. Describe the social characteristics of immigrants from 1877 to 1890.


4. Compare and contrast the immigrants who came to America before 1880 with those who came  between 1880 and 1910. Who were the “new immigrants?”

5. Describe the social characteristics of immigrants from 1880 to 1910.

6. Explain how the urban political machines worked from 1850 to 1900.

7. Name the main types of popular entertainment from 1877 to 1890.

8. Explain how the average American middle class family changed from 1877 to 1890.


9. Describe the changing roles of women in society. What was femme couverte?

10. Identify the main American educational trends from 1877 to 1890.

11. Name the court case establishing the "separate but equal" doctrine.

12. Describe the factors fostering the growth in higher education to 1900.

13. Describe the place of Blacks in higher education from 1860 to 1900.

14. What is meant by Social Darwinism?

15. Describe the goal of Booker T. Washington's "Atlanta Compromise."


16. Describe the growth of Jim Crow segregations and the Supreme Court decisions that upheld it.

17. Explain how Henry George proposed to close the gap between America 's rich and poor.

18. Describe the background and goals of the Settlement House program.


Chapter 20

1. Identify the social, political and economic results of the depression in the 1890s.


2. Identify the issues supported by the Gilded Age Democratic Party.

3. Identify the issues supported by the Gilded Age Republican Party.

4. Describe the Gilded Age presidents and their accomplishments.

5. Describe the purposes, provisions and results of the Sherman Anti-Trust Act.

6. Describe the Populists' major complaints.

7. Discuss the Ocala Platform of the Populists.

8. Describe the role of the Populists in the 1892 election.

9. Discuss the causes, nature and results of the Pullman Strike.


10. Explain the difficulties of the second Cleveland administration.

11. Evaluate Grover Cleveland 's response to the Depression of 1893.

12. Describe how and why women and children entered the labor force following the Depression of 1893.

13. Describe the developments in American literature of the 1870's.

14. Describe the campaign strategies of the candidates in 1896.

15. Evaluate the economy and domestic legislation of the first McKinley administration.

16. Describe the results of the election of 1900.



Test 3
Chapters 21-24


Chapter 21

1. Explain why Americans became interested in an overseas empire in the late 19th century.

2. Discuss the tenets of Social Darwinism espoused by Josiah Strong.

3. Describe the basic goals of 19th century American foreign policy.

4. List the foreign policy goals of William H. Seward.

5. Explain U.S. foreign policy towards Latin America from 1869 to 1896.

6. Discuss the U.S. relationship with Hawaii in the 19th century.

7. Describe the debate over the annexation of Hawaii. Describe the annexation process.

8. Describe Alfred Thayer Mahan's arguments for a new navy.

9. List the causes of the Spanish-American War.

10. Describe the types of U.S. troops used in the Spanish-American War.

11. List the major campaigns in the Spanish- American War.

12. Describe the new American empire after the Spanish-American War.

13. Explain the reasons for opposition in the U.S. to overseas empire.

14. Discuss John Hay's "Open Door" policy in China .

Chapter 22

1. Who were the most prominent muckrakers? Describe their work.


2. Name the leading industry in the mass production movement.

3. Explain how Henry Ford transformed the auto industry.

4. Discuss the important aspects of mass production in the early 20th century.

5. Describe the changes in the workplace as a result of mass production.

6. List the principles of Frederick Taylor's scientific management.

7. Discuss the major aspects of U.S. farm life in the early 20th century.

8. Explain the conditions faced by working women in 1900.

9. Describe the efforts and leaders of the Niagara Movement and the NAACP.

10. Explain the main characteristics of immigration to the U.S. 1901-1920.

11. Describe the changing conditions for labor and the growing number of strikes.

12. Name the major unions and their leaders in the early 20th century U.S. labor movement.

13. Describe the important demographic characteristics of the U.S. population in 1920.

14. List the important leisure activities of the early 1900's.

15. Describe the important changes in the traditional arts in the early 1900's.

Chapter 23

1. List the supporters, characteristics and goals of Progressivism.


2. Describe the rise of the “Professions” and how it influenced the growth of a new middle class.

3. Name the constitutional amendments passed by Progressives. Who were the leaders who helped pass them?


4. Describe the Progressive reforms in municipal and state governments.

5. Who was the most important leader in educational reform?

6. Discuss Theodore Roosevelt's view of the presidency and his appointments as president.

7. Explain Theodore Roosevelt's trust policy.

8. Name the first target of Theodore Roosevelt's attack on trusts.

9. Explain the resolution of the anthracite coal miners' strike of 1902.

10. List the legislative accomplishments of Theodore Roosevelt's terms.

11. Describe the conservation policies of Theodore Roosevelt.

12. Discuss the issues over which the Republican Party split during Taft's presidency.

13. Describe the effects of the Mann-Elkins Act.

14. Identify the candidates, issues  and results of the presidential election of 1912.

15. Describe Wilson's  goals and list his legislative accomplishments.]

16. Describe Wilson 's anti-progressive stands on legislation. 


Chapter 24

1. Describe Theodore Roosevelt's defense and foreign policies.

2. Discuss how the U.S. got the Panama Canal .

3. Explain the Roosevelt Corollary.

4. Describe the relations between the U.S. and Japan from 1900 to 1918.

5. Explain the goals of Taft's "Dollar Diplomacy."

6. Discuss the characteristics of Wilson 's “Moral Diplomacy.”

7. Describe Wilson's diplomacy prior to U.S. entry into World War I.

8. Describe Wilson's policy toward Mexico from 1913 to 1917.

9. Discuss the diplomatic events of 1914 leading to World War I.

10. Explain the basis of American support for Britain in 1914.

11. Explain why the U.S. entered World War I.

12. Describe the U.S. military contributions in World War I.

13. Discuss the U.S. domestic sector in World War I.

14. Identify the major provisions of the Treaty of Versailles.

15. Explain why the U.S. Senate refused to ratify the Treaty of Versailles.




Chapters 25-28

Chapter 25

1. List the prerequisites of the Second Industrial Revolution.

2. Discuss why the automobile industry grew in the 1920's.

3. Discuss the social and economic results of mass production and the mass consumption of consumer goods.

4. Describe the areas of economic weakness in the 1920's.

5. Describe changes for women and the family in the 1920's.

6. Describe the changing popular culture of the 1920s

7. Explain the events of the Red Scare.

8. Evaluate the support for and the results of Prohibition.

9. Describe the membership and ideology of the Second Ku Klux Klan.


10. Describe the growth and results of nativism  in the 1920s.

11. Describe the participants and results of the Scopes Trial

12. Describe the scandals of the Harding administration.

13. Detail the Republicans' policies and legislative priorities in the 1920's.

14. Describe the factions within the Democratic party in the 1920's.

15. Evaluate the candidates and their supporters in the election of 1928.

Chapter 26

1. Discuss the causes of the Great Crash.

2. Evaluate the causes of the Great Depression.

3. Describe the social effects of the Great Depression on the population.

4. Name the most prominent victim of the Great Depression.

5. Describe Hoover 's response to the Great Depression.

6. Name FDR’s first effort to deal with the economic crisis.

7. Describe the legislation passed in the first Hundred Days.

8. Explain the provisions and problems of the National Recovery Act.

9. Explain the implementation and problems of the Agricultural Adjustment Act.

10. Discuss the political opposition to the New Deal.

11. Identify the true originator of Social Security and identify the most important aspects of the program.

12. Name the one of the most successful and enduring of the New Deal programs.


13. Describe the state of unions and labor during the 1930s.

14. Describe the impact of the New Deal on American minorities.

15. Explain what FDR’s court-packing scheme was and why it failed.

16. Explain why the Democrats suffered in the 1938 elections.

Chapter 27

1. What was the intent of the Kellogg-Briand Pact?


2. Discuss how and why the U.S. isolated itself from Europe in the 1920's.

3. Explain the reasons why isolationism increased in the U.S. during the 1920's and 1930's. What policies resulted from this isolationist sentiment?

4. Detail the principal events of U.S. foreign policy from 1939 to 1941.

5. Explain why Japan went to war with the U.S.

6. Evaluate the planning and attack on Pearl Harbor .

7. Name the single greatest advantage of the U.S. in World War II.

8. Explain the U..S. distrust of the Soviet Union during World War II. How did the US try to keep the Soviets in the war?

9. Describe the war plan followed by the Allies in 1942-43.

10. Describe the U.S. strategy in the Pacific during World War II.

11. Examine the major domestic developments during World War II.

12. How did the war affect women and minorities?

13. Describe how FDR won the election of 1944.

14. Evaluate the results of the Yalta conference.

15. Name the Allied power that suffered the most during the war.

16. Explain why the U.S. dropped the atomic bomb on Japan in 1945.

Chapter 28

1. Discuss the results of the Potsdam Conference.

2. Describe events in Europe after its division between the West and the Communist camps.

3. Describe the goals and results of the Baruch Plan

4. Name the supporters of the Containment Policy.

5. Describe the Truman Doctrine of 1947.

6. Discuss the elements of the Marshall Plan of 1947.

7. Explain the components of Truman's Containment Policy.

8. Evaluate the results of Russia's land blockade of West Berlin.

9. Describe the key elements of U.S. defense policy from 1945 to 1960.

10. Explain why China "fell" to the Communists in 1949.

11. Describe the results of China's "fall" to the Communists.

12. Describe the outbreak of the Korean War. What were the perceptions and expectations of each side?

13. Detail the domestic controversies during Truman’s first term

14. Name the candidates and describe the issues in the1948 presidential election.

15. Describe the events that encouraged the rise of McCarthyism. Describe his tactics.

16. Describe the events that contributed to the downfall of McCarthyism.



Chapters 29-32


Chapter 29

1. Discuss the main social events of the postwar era from 1945 to 1960.

2. Explain the cause of the U.S. post-World War II economic boom.

3. Explain the results of postwar suburbanization.

4. Describe the results of the launching of "Sputnik."

5. Who were the critics of 1950s culture?

6. Describe Truman’s biggest success in the area of Civil Rights.

7. Discuss Eisenhower's legislative program.

8. Describe the Brown v. Board of Education and the difficulties enforcing the decision

9. Explain the role of the Supreme Court and the President in desegregating the schools.


10. Describe the beginnings of black activism in an effort to gain civil rights. Who were the most prominent leaders?

10. Describe the main actions of the civil rights movement in the 1950's.



Chapter 30

1. Explain why Kennedy won the presidential election in 1960.

2. Describe Kennedy's defense policy.

3. Describe Kennedy's strategy for containing Communism

4. Evaluate Kennedy's Cuban policy of 1961 concerning the Bay of Pigs

5. Describe the Russian and U.S. actions in the Cuban missile crisis. What were the results?

6. Describe Kennedy's civil rights program.

7. Name the Kennedy programs Johnson pushed through Congress.

8. Describe the political consequences for passing the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

9. List the legislative accomplishments of Johnson's Great Society.

10. Explain the motivation and results of the Gulf of Tonkin resolution.

11. Explain why Johnson pushed the U.S. into large-scale involvement in South Vietnam .


12. Describe the impact of the American bombing campaign in North Vietnam

13. Discuss the focus of the student revolt of the 1960's.

14. Explain the fundamental change in the civil rights movement in the mid- 1960's and the rise of Black Power.

15. Describe the events and results of the Tet Offensive in 1968.


16. Describe the efforts and goals of Cesar Chavez.

17. Explain the campaign and the results of the presidential election of 1968.


Chapter 31

1. Discuss the foreign policies of Richard Nixon regarding détente.

2. Detail Nixon's plan to end the Vietnam War.

3. Describe the key events in the Watergate Scandal leading to Nixon’s resignation.

4. Explain the causes of the energy crisis. What were the results?

6. Describe the U.S. energy policy dealing with the energy shortage.

7. Explain why the Ford presidency was unsuccessful]

8. Explain the difficulties Carter faced as president.

9.Describe the changes that took place for families in the 1970s.


9. Describe the gains and setbacks women faced.


10. Describe the growth of the gay liberation movement.

11. Describe Carter's Iranian crisis.

12. Explain why Reagan won the presidential election of 1980.

13. Explain the main principles and results of Reagan's supply-side economics.

14. Describe the basic tenet of Reagan's foreign policy.

15. Describe Reagan's Latin American foreign policy.

18. Describe the origins and results of the Iran-Contra scandal.


Chapter 32

1. Describe how the collapse of the Soviet Union created new tensions in the Middle East


2. Describe the domestic issues Bush faced as president. What were his responses?

3. Describe the main elements of Bush's foreign policy.

4. Describe the events leading to U.S. foreign policy success in Kuwait.]

5. Describe the major changes in the American population from 1970 to 2002.

6. Name the points of origin for most immigrants to the U.S. between 1970 and 2002.

7. Name the largest ethnic minority in the U.S. in 2002.

8. Name the second largest ethnic minority group in the U.S. in 2002.

9. Describe the general characteristics of Hispanic Americans in 2002.

10. Name the fastest growing minority group in the 2000's.

11. Describe the campaign and results of the presidential election of 1992.

12. Discuss Clinton's domestic policy in his first term.

13. Describe the campaign & results of the presidential election of 1996.

14. Discuss the Clinton Impeachment crisis.

15. Describe the presidential election of 2000.

16. Describe George W. Bush’s economic policies. What were the results? How did he deal with the “Great Recession?


17. What factors contributed to Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait?  How did the US respond?

18. Describe George W. Bush’s policies on terrorism.


19. Describe Obama’s economic policies. How did he deal with the “Great Recession”?



HIS 1302 (DL) Sample Test Questions

Exam questions  will fall into three categories: 1) the "Except" type question, 2) the "All of the above are correct" variety, and 3) the one-concept answer type question. 

The "Except" question is used when there is more than one factor or cause that precipitated the event mentioned in the Learning Objective and it is important that you recognize all of these factors. This is the MOST FREQUENT type of question you will encounter.


Most of the Learning Objectives have several important factors, influences, steps, results or developments (whichever the Learning Objective requires) and therefore as you review the text to find the answers, you ought to find three or four factors, etc. for each Learning Objective. Relatively few of the Learning Objectives can be answered with one word answers such as found in the third type of question. As you find the three or four pertinent factors, etc. for each Learning Objective, WRITE OUT your answer, and then study your notes; you ought to do well on the exams. If you simply skim the text looking for one word answers to the Learning Objectives, you WILL have difficulty with the exams. Put the time into studying and you should be pleased with your test results.